Level of psychological well-being in working mother women

Keywords: working mothers, family, motherhood, career.

Abstract

In today's world, great importance is attached to human employment and professional development. Women are increasingly entering the sphere of not only professional realization, but also politics. At the same time, a woman's reproductive function is part of her other significant vocation, namely the mother. The issue of the role of psychological well-being in working women-mothers is becoming increasingly important. It is the solution of this issue that determines not only the development of a woman's family but also of society as a whole. In our study, the following categories of women-mothers aged 23 to 40 years were identified: women who voluntarily started/continued professional realization after the birth of children; women who have voluntarily chosen the profession of "mother and wife"; women who were forced to choose a job without internal consent; women who were forced to give up their professional pursuits under pressure from their husbands or relatives. Volunteers are mostly satisfied with the work schedule, the incentive system, interaction with colleagues from other departments, the content of work. Instead, women mothers who have been forced to work often have a negative attitude towards their work schedule and conditions. At the same time, there is significant fatigue of women who started/continued their professional activity after the birth of children, as evidenced by the fact that only a third of them feel satisfied with life. The highest level of psychological well-being is observed in women-mothers who have volunteered for work and strive for a harmonious combination of family and career growth. Women who choose a family voluntarily also have high levels of psychological well-being, albeit to a lesser extent. The lowest rates of psychological well-being are observed in women who are under external coercion to choose family realization without the right to professional realization.

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Published
2021-08-25
How to Cite
Мелащенко, Ю. П., & Гридковець, Л. М. (2021). Level of psychological well-being in working mother women. Herald of Kyiv Institute of Business and Technology, 47(1), 53-63. https://doi.org/10.37203/kibit.2021.47.05