Personality traits of modern parishioners

Keywords: religion, religiosity, level of religiosity, psychological defense mechanisms.

Abstract

The article considers the problem of the influence of religion on the individual. Since religion is not only a cultural and social phenomenon, its participation in a person's personal life is an unconditional factor in the formation of a person's personality, even if it does not belong to any religious community. And the influence of religion can be traced not only on the worldview level but also on the individual psychological level. And first of all, this is manifested through the emergence of such a personality trait as religiosity, which, in turn, becomes the basis for the formation of other personality traits. Our study focused on identifying personality traits whose development was caused by a person's belonging to a religious community. For this purpose, we formed two samples: the experimental sample consisted of people who were diagnosed with a high level of religiosity, and who are real members of the church community, the control sample included subjects with a low level of religiosity. To determine the level of religiosity, we used the author's questionnaire to assess religiosity. To identify differences in personality traits between parishioners and atheists, we used the test "Personality accentuation " by H. Schmieschek, the test "Level of subjective control" by J. Rotter, and the questionnaire "Lifestyle Index" by R. Plutchik, H. Kellerman and X R. Conte. The study was conducted online using Google forms. Based on the obtained data, we identified statistical differences between parishioners and atheists on all tests used, established psychological portraits of averages for each sample, and, as the main conclusion, found that religious individuals have different individual psychological properties not so much characterological as in the field of mechanisms of psychological protection.

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Published
2021-01-08
How to Cite
Ivanchuk, A., & Lanovenko, Y. (2021). Personality traits of modern parishioners. Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, 46(4), 30-39. https://doi.org/10.37203/kibit.2020.46.04