The role of the chosen personality of the psychological strategy of interaction with the disease during the somatic disease
The issue of the role of the psychological factor in the course and overcoming of somatic diseases is extremely relevant. Psychological mechanisms and psychological resources of a person affect his ability to recover. The problem of determining the optimal strategies of human interaction with the disease becomes especially relevant in the recovery process. The study involved the following categories of patients in clinical hospitals: persons with chronic diseases in the conditions of planned treatment, persons with chronic diseases in the state of exacerbation, persons with acute life-threatening disease, persons with acute life-threatening disease in the context of recent diagnosis, persons with somatic disease at the stage of recovery. The study identified a number of strategies used by patients to interact with the disease, including: adaptive strategy (acceptance of the disease and its gradual overcoming in a planned manner), community imitation strategy (focus on overcoming the disease on the example of overcoming trials by socially significant communities), strategy of personal imitation (focus on overcoming the disease on the example of an authoritative person), strategy of external locus control (in which a person becomes what others see him), strategy of the ultimate goal (focus on a positive result of active action), strategy of escape from responsibility (shift of responsibility for their health to doctors, relatives, friends, volunteers, etc.). The article presents the results of an empirical study that outlines the specifics of the choice of strategies for interaction with the disease of patients with different categories of disease. It was found that the ability to fight the disease is highest in those individuals who have a high level of adaptation to the disease. It is the adaptive strategy of interaction with the disease was found in all patients at the stage of recovery. The results obtained in the study allow to make positive adjustments to care plans for patients with various somatic diseases.
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