The social-political challenges of internal displacements in Ukraine

Keywords: interregional migrations, forced massive internal migrations, migration, social-political threats state migratory policy.


Migratory threats which are connected with mass internal inter-regional migrations, caused by the annexation of Crimea and military aggression in Donbas by Russia, have been disclosed in the article. The social-political and psychological threats of large-scale forced displacement are determined. Traditional migrations are mainly due to social-economic factors and the independent voluntary choice of participants in these processes regarding the intention to move, dictated by the freedom of choice of the person. Instead, forced displacements are caused by immediate threats to life and health. Analyzing the factors of migratory attraction, the cluster analysis was performed using the k-means method and using the STATISTICA program. The results of cluster analysis show that in large regions the level of IDP migratory activity is higher and the impact on the formation of demographic capital is more significant. It does not affect the number and composition of the population as a whole, but causes changes in its location, gender, and the age structure of the inhabitants of individual regions, is a consequence and an important factor of regional differences, directly related to industrialization and urbanization, rural depopulation. In terms of volume, internal migration significantly outperforms international migration. Measures for the proper formation and development of demographic potential at the macro level are proposed. Without proper regulation, forced displacement becomes a growing burden on host communities' ability to provide basic services, destroys civilian infrastructure and community cohesion, undermines public investment in reform, and creates insecurity, hopelessness, and despair among large populations that can easily become national and global risks.


1. Pro kontseptsiju derzhavnoji migratsiynoji polityky. Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrajiny № 622/2011 vid 30.05.2011 [On the concept of state migration policy. The decree of the President of Ukraine No 622/2011, dated 05.30.2011]. Retrieved from: [in Ukrainian].
2. Bezvizovyi dialog Ukrajina – ES (2020)[Visa-free dialogue Ukraine – EU]. Retrieved from: [in Ukrainian].
3. Ofitsiynyi sayt Derzhavnoyi sluzhby statystyky Ukrayiny [The official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http: // [in Ukrainian].
4. Otsinka potreb vnutrishnʹo peremishchenykh osib v Ukrayini ta posluh dlya nykh (2015) [Assessment of the needs of internally displaced persons in Ukraine and services for them]. Retrieved from http: [in Ukrainian].
5. Novikova, A.F. (2018) Intehratsiya vnutrishnʹo peremishchenykh osib u terytorialʹni hromady: diahnostyka stanu ta mekhanizmy zabezpechennya: monohrafiya [Integration of Internally Displaced Persons in Territorial Communities: Diagnosis of the Condition and Mechanisms of Provision: Monograph] / NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Industrial Economics. Kyiv. 244 p. [in Ukrainian].
6. Sadova, U. Ya., Risna R. R. (2015) Reemihratsiya yak mekhanizm sotsialʹnoyi polityky u spravakh vnutrishnʹo peremishchenykh osib v Ukrayini [Remigration as a Social Policy Mechanism for Displaced Persons in Ukraine]. Rehionalʹna ekonomika – Regional Economics. №2. 55–64. [in Ukrainian].
7. Erina, A. M. (2001) Statystychne modelyuvannya ta prohnozuvannya: Navch. posibnyk [Statistical Modeling and Forecasting: Educ. Manual] K.: KNEU. 170 p. [in Ukrainian].
8. Mihratsiya v Ukrayini: fakty i tsyfry (2016) [Migration in Ukraine: Facts and figures]. – Mizhnarodna orhanizatsiya z mihratsiyi (MOM): Predstavnytstvo v Ukrayini – International Organization for Migration (IOM), Representation in Ukraine. Retrieved from http:// [in Ukrainian].
9. Migration and Development Within and Across Borders. Research and Policy Perspectives on Internal and International Migration /Еd. by J. DeWind & J. Holdaway. Geneva: OM, 2008. Р. 18. Retrieved from: [in English].
10. Malinovska, O. (2016) Internal migration and temporary displacement in Ukraine in the conditions of political and socio-economic threats [analytical note]. Seriya «Sotsialʹna polityka» - Social Policy Series. № 17. Retrieved from: [in Ukrainian].
11. Smutchak Z. (2016) Migratory Threats to National Security of Ukraine: Current Challenges and Ways of Regulation. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies. Riga, Vol. 2, No. 3. С. 107–112. [in English].
12. Ukrayinsʹke suspilʹstvo: mihratsiynyy vymir: nats. dopovidʹ (2018) [Ukrainian society: migratory dimension: nat. Report] Institute of Demography and Social Research by M. V. Ptukhy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. K., 396 p. [in Ukrainian].
13. Eurostat. Asylum and managed migration database Retrieved from [in English].
14. Ofitsiynyy sayt Ministerstva sotsialʹnoyi polityky Ukrayiny [The official website of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
15. Libanova, E.M. (2014) Vymushene pereselennya z Donbasu: masshtaby ta vyklyky dlya Ukrayiny [Forced resettlement from Donbass: scale and challenges for Ukraine]. (based on the materials of the round table on the topic: «Internally displaced persons in Ukraine: six months of wandering and hope») (October 7, 2014, Kyiv). The official website of the M.V. Ptukha Institute of Demography and Social Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
16. Sadova, U., Semiv, L. (2000) Rehionalʹni rynky pratsi: analiz ta prohnoz [Regional labour markets: analysis and forecast]. Lviv. 264 p. [in Ukrainian].
17. Malinovska, O. (2008) Povernennya mihrantiv: problemy ta sproby rehulyuvannya [Migrant return: problems and attempts at regulation]. Ukrainian migration to Europe and the solution of related regional problems: coll. materials int. science. conf. 24–25.03. 2008, Kyiv.
18. Smutchak, Z., Hutsaliuk. О., Sytnyk. О. (2020) Mass labour migration in the vector of international tourism as a determinant sign of modern globalization. Turismo: Estudos & Práticas (UERN), Mossoró/RN, Caderno Suplementar 03, 2020. Retrieved from: [in English].
19. Mikheeva, O., Sereda, V. (2015) Suchasni ukrayinsʹki vnutrishnʹo peremishcheni osoby: osnovni prychyny, stratehiyi pereselennya ta problemy adaptatsiyi Stratehiyi transformatsiyi i preventsiyi prykordonnykh konfliktiv v Ukrayini [Modern Ukrainian internally displaced persons: the main causes, resettlement strategies and problems of adaptation Strategies for transformation and prevention of border conflicts in Ukraine]. Collection of analytical materials. Lviv: Galician Publishing Union, 2015. 462 p. [in Ukrainian].
20. Dikhtyarenko, A. Potreby ta problemy vnutrishnʹo peremishchenykh osib. [Needs and problems of internally displaced persons]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
How to Cite
Smutchak, Z. (2021). The social-political challenges of internal displacements in Ukraine. Herald of Kyiv Institute of Business and Technology, 47(1), 26-37.