Development of young people’s assertiveness as a condition of their aggressiveness ecological transformation
The article presents the results of transformational training that was aimed at overcoming aggression in early adolescence. The phenomenon of aggression in adolescence is considered as a relatively stable personality trait and, as well, situational, the one which arises as a type of psychological protection. It is shown that the aggression of young people is mediated by a number of psychological factors: tendency to conflict, inadequate self-esteem, external locus of subjective control. The role of each of the factors in the dynamics of manifestations of aggression of first-year students was investigated. One of the important factors in overcoming youthful aggression is the development of various components of assertiveness and its integration into the behavioral manifestations of young people. A training on overcoming aggression in adolescence was developed and conducted, based on interventions of a developmental nature. Classes are designed and conducted in accordance with the basic principles of socio-psychological training, which contained informational, corrective and developmental components. First-year students of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics and the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports of Ivan Franko State University with an increased level of aggression took part in the transformational training. The development of assertiveness took place in the context of purposeful development of its affective, behavioral, cognitive and control-regulatory components. It was proved that the purposeful development of assertiveness and the transformation of young people's self-consciousness helps to reduce their aggression. As a result, aggressive behaviors are transformed into the ability to ecologically express their own anger, which finds adequate positioning of the individual between aggression and passive behavior, aggression and manipulation.
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