THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION: PROBLEM OR OPPORTUNITY

Keywords: motivation, values, student, educational process, higher education, university 3.0, higher educational institution.

Abstract

 The article is devoted to the problem of the formation of motivation for teaching students of higher education institutions in Ukraine. The authors consider the problem of forming students' motivation from two perspectives - psychological and philosophical. The psychological approach is used to analyze internal motivation, and the philosophical one to analyze external motivation and the influence of external factors on the formation of values ​​in students and teachers, which also affect the motivation to learn. The four phases of the economic development of society and the types of universities that are formed in each phase are analyzed. University 1.0 in the pre-industrial phase, University 2.0 in the industrial phase, University 3.0 in the post-industrial phase and University 4.0 in the cognitive phase. Although universities have developed pedagogical methods for teaching in higher education, a gap has recently arisen between a student and a university. Proven techniques do not show already familiar high results. There is a need for the restructuring of teaching methods, programs and the universities themselves. This shows the main trends in the development of society and the characteristics of new universities, as well as the main pedagogical methods of increasing motivation among students. The goal of the new university is to train specialists in the project attitude to the world, in the broad sense of entrepreneurs and engineers (including financial, cultural, social. Creating an open learning environment with the possibility of implementing individual learning paths. In addition to classrooms, libraries and laboratories, necessary business incubators, design offices, and platforms for communication with the outside world - exhibition centers.

Only after overcoming isolation from pressing problems for society is the standardized, “subjectless” educational process and introducing the discipline into the curriculum to form an “entrepreneurial culture”, the student will receive reasons for motivation to study at the university.

References

Efimov V.S., Lapteva A.V. PHILOSOPHICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS. University Management: Practice and Analysis. 2017;21(1):16-29. (In Russ.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/umpa.2017.01.002

PARIS COMMUNIQUÉ Paris, May 25th 2018 URL: http://www.ehea.info/Upload/document/ministerial_declarations/EHEAParis2018_Communique_final_952771.pdf

Zakon Ukrainy Pro vyshchu osvitu vid 01.07.2014 № 1556-VII. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18

Khekkhauzen Kh. (1986) Motyvatsiya ta diyal'nist'. http://www.fizikak.ru/kniga-motivaciya-i-deyatelenoste/index13.html

Boychenko, M. I., Yakovleva, O. V., & Kushnir, O. Ya. (2019). Normative and performative aspects of social predictions in the context of philosophy of education. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 38 (2), 25-37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32744/pse.2019.2.2

Vyhots'kyy L. S. (1999) Pedahohichna psykholohiya. Moskva. Pedahohika-Press.

Freid Z. «Psykhopatolohyia obыdennoi zhyzny» [Elektronnyi resurs] 1901. – Rezhym dostupu do resursu: https://librebook.me/the_psychopathology_of_everyday_life

Pavlov Y. P. «Refleks tsely» [Elektronnyi resurs] 1916. – Rezhym dostupu do resursu: https://www.twirpx.com/file/154836

Shopenhauer A. Pro chotyryyakisnyy korin' zakonu dostatn'oyi pidstavy. Tvory. V 2 t. – Moskva. Nauka. https://ru.wikisource.org/wiki/О_четверояком_корне_закона_достаточного_основания_(Шопенгауэр;_Айхенвальд)

Bandurka O. M. (2011) Pro s'ohodennya vyshchoyi osvity v Ukrayini. Vyshcha shkola. № 9. S. 7 – 15.

Kushnir O. Ya. Tsinnosti yak osnova motyvatsii do osvity. Visnyk Kyivskoho instytutu biznesu ta tekhnolohii 2017 № 2 (33) S.133-135. https://kibit.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Web_33.pdf#page=135

Leont'yev D. O. (2002) Suchasna psykholohiya motyvatsiyi. Moskva. Sens.

Klark Berton R. Sozdanye predprynymatelskykh unyversytetov. Orhanyzatsyonnыe napravlenyia transformatsyy. 2-e yzd. Yzd. dom VShE, 2019. S. 240. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17323/978-5-7598-1997-4

Golovko, N.V., Zinevich, O.V., Ruzankina, E.A. (2016). [Third Generation University: B. Clark and J. Wissema]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [The Higher Education in Russia]. No. 8-9 (204), pp. 40-47. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

Vyssema, Yokhan H. Unyversytet treteho pokolenyia Yzdatelstvo «Olymp–Byznes» http://maxima-library.org/new-books-2/b/387788?format=read

Maslou A. «Motyvatsyia y lychnost» [Elektronnyi resurs] 1999. – Rezhym dostupu: http://psylib.org.ua/books/masla01/index.htm

Vyliunas V. K. «Psykholohycheskye mekhanyzmы motyvatsyy cheloveka» [Elektronnyi resurs] 1990. Rezhym dostupu: https://texts.news/cheloveka-motivatsii/psihologicheskie-mehanizmyi-motivatsii.html

Podolyak L. H., Yurchenko V. I. (2008) Psykholohiya vyshchoyi shkoly. Kyiv. Karavela.

Published
2019-12-23
How to Cite
KUSHNIR, O. Y., PILIPENKO, V. S., & YAKOVLEVA, O. V. (2019). THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION: PROBLEM OR OPPORTUNITY. Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, 42(3), 5-10. https://doi.org/10.37203/kibit.2019.42.01