The Individual Psychological Dimension of an Entrepreneurial Personality
The article presents an analysis of the study, which highlights the specifics of the individual-psychological characteristics of business entities in comparison with a professional group of managers and students. The range of sensitive indicators that ensure the success of each group's activities is determined. In the research, it is proved that managers have significantly higher parameters in terms of "ergic intellectual", "plasticity intellectual", "plasticity communicative", "speed intellectual", "speed communicative", "emotional communicative". However, at the same time, entrepreneurs have significantly lower scores on the scale "ergonomics of motor", "ergonomics communicative", "plasticity of motor". It has been found that entrepreneurs, less than managers, aspire to leadership and physical labour, but are more prone to personal self-development and intellectual perfection. Entrepreneurs are flexible in their decision making and communication with people. These individual and psychological characteristics, in our opinion, ensure the success and stability of functioning in business. Also, entrepreneurs are much easier to engage in social contacts, more impulsive and better verbalize their thoughts than managers. At the same time, they are more dissatisfied with the level of their intellectual development, which drives them to study and self-development. Managers have a high need for communication with people, a desire for leadership. At the same time, they quickly switch from one form of motor activity to another, seek different forms of physical labour and have a high speed of motor activity and mental processes in the exercise of intellectual activity. This is combined with low sensitivity to communication failures, a sense of self-confidence in the process of interacting with others, lack of excitement in case of failure or poor performance of physical work.
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