Usage of positive psychotherapy in work with middle adult's accentuation of character

Keywords: maladaptation, pathology, norm, intervention programme

Abstract

Psychologists often face the phenomenon of personality disorder in adults. We will consider the state of mind that precedes personality disorder and is called accentuation. Accentuation is seen as a stable property of the individual, which is expressed in the strengthening of certain character traits, which are within the norm. Accentuated character traits of adults can be manifested in a vast range - from mental maladaptation to the emergence of psychogenic disorders. In adulthood, accentuations become a factor that causes difficulties in solving life's problems, hindering effective individual and collective activities. The study's relevance is due to the insufficient study of the features of accentuated character traits in adults. Moreover, an attempt to help level accentuation flashes through group work according to the developed methodology. The study is divided into three stages: development of a correction program; survey of a sample of people aged 35-50; the developed training program was tested with the selected respondents. The following methods were used: L. Sobchyk's method of standardized multifactorial method of personality research; Leonhard-Shmishek's questionnaire of character and temperament accentuation; method of positive psychotherapy. Here we will show the content and structure of the developed program. Its tasks: the interaction of a mature person with society; searching, finding and testing of skills of an effective response to external stimuli; increasing the level of self-esteem; removal of emotional tension; development of activity, and initiative. Also, the results of empirical research, which aims to study the features of the manifestation of accentuated traits in adults. And the results of testing the proposed training. The obtained results confirm the possibility of leveling accentuated character traits in adults. However, they help to delay or completely stop a possible personality disorder.

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Published
2020-08-31
How to Cite
Rozina, I. (2020). Usage of positive psychotherapy in work with middle adult’s accentuation of character. Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, 44(2), 23-30. https://doi.org/10.37203/kibit.2020.44.03